Makar Sankranti is the most important festival of India. People celebrate Sankranti with great devotion.
It is a harvest festival. It is the time when farmers bring home their harvest. In short, it is a way of saying thank you to Mother Nature. It is the only festival whose date mostly falls on the same day every year ie. 14 th January.
Apart from a harvest festival, Makar Sankranti also marks the entry of Sun God into the Northern hemisphere, it enters the zodiac sign of Capricorn. From this day the Uttarayan starts and is considered to be the most auspicious period. On this day onwards the day start becoming longer and warmer, hence the atmosphere gets filled with liveliness & happiness.
Because of India’s rich & diverse culture, Makar Sankranti is celebrated with different names & rituals. Some call it, Lohri, Sankranti, Pongal , Uttarayan yatra etc. Some perform bonfire and dance, some Haldikukkum, some thank Sun God etc…
On this day, people make khichadi, pongal, seasame sweets with the available harvest crops and distribute them among friends & families. This is the first festival as per the English Calender.